By Mizuho Yabushita
The subject of this thesis is catalytic conversion of
non-food, ample, and renewable biomass akin to cellulose and chitin to
chemicals. In biorefinery, chemical transformation of polymers to valuable
compounds has attracted world wide curiosity for development sustainable societies.
First, the present scenario of this scorching study zone has been summarized well
in the final advent of the thesis, which is helping readers to become
familiar with this subject. subsequent, the writer explains high-yielding construction of
glucose from cellulose through the use of an alkali-activated carbon as a catalyst,
resulting in a yield of glucose as excessive as 88%, that is one of many highest
yields ever stated. The characterization of carbon fabrics has indicated
that susceptible acid websites at the catalyst advertise the response, that's markedly
different from suggested catalytic structures that require powerful acids. In
addition, the 1st catalytic transformation of chitin with retention of N-acetyl teams has been constructed. The
combination of mechanocatalytic hydrolysis and thermal solvolysis allows the
production of N-acetylated monomers in
good yields of as much as 70%. The catalytic platforms confirmed during this thesis are
unique within the fields of either chemistry and chemical engineering, and their high
efficiencies can give a contribution to eco-friendly and sustainable chemistry within the future.
Meanwhile, mechanistic experiences according to characterization, thermodynamics,
kinetics, and version reactions have additionally been played to bare the jobs of
catalysts in the course of the reactions. the implications could be precious for readers to
design and enhance new catalysts and response systems.
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A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering (Springer Theses) by Mizuho Yabushita